A Prime Minister is the head of government in a parliamentary democracy, such as India. They are appointed by the President but are usually the leader of the party or coalition that holds the most seats in the lower house of the national legislature. The Prime Minister is responsible for leading the executive branch of the government and is the head of the Cabinet, which is made up of the heads of various government departments and agencies.
The Prime Minister’s responsibilities
- Forming and leading the Cabinet, and making key appointments to government positions.
- Developing and implementing government policies and initiatives.
- representing the nation in international relations.
- Representing the government in the legislature, and working with other members of government to pass laws and budgets.
- Coordinating the activities of various government departments and agencies to ensure they work together effectively.
- Acting as the main advisor to the President on all matters of government and administration.
list of Prime Ministers of India and the political party they belonged to
- Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964) – Indian National Congress
- Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian National Congress (1964–1966)
- Indira Gandhi, Indian National Congress (1966–1977, 1980–1984)
- Morarji Desai (1977-1979) – Janata Party
- Charan Singh (1979-1980) – Janata Party (Secular)
- Rajiv Gandhi (1984-1989) – Indian National Congress
- V. P. Singh (1989-1990) – Janata Dal
- Chandra Shekhar (1990-1991) – Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
- P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian National Congress (1991–1996)
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bharatiya Janata Party (1996, 1998–2004)
- H. D. Deve Gowda (1996-1997) – Janata Dal (United Front)
- I. K. Gujral (1997-1998) – Janata Dal (United Front)
- Manmohan Singh (2004-2014) – Indian National Congress
- Narendra Modi (2014-2019, 2019- till now) – Bharatiya Janata Party
Current Prime minister
Narendra Modi, who is now the 14th Prime Minister of India, is a member of both the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He was first elected as Prime Minister in 2014 and was re-elected in 2019. During his first term as Prime Minister, Modi implemented several economic and social initiatives, including the Make in India campaign to promote domestic manufacturing, the Jan Dhan Yojana to provide financial services to the unbanked population, and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to clean up the country’s public spaces. He also launched the Ayushman Bharat, which is a health insurance scheme for poor and vulnerable families.
What is the role of the prime minister
The role of a Prime Minister varies depending on the specific political and constitutional structure of a country,
- Forming and leading the government: The Prime Minister is responsible for forming the government by appointing cabinet ministers and other senior government officials. They also lead the government and make key decisions about government policy and direction.
- Representing the country internationally: The Prime Minister is often the main representative of the country in its relations with other nations. They may travel abroad to attend international meetings, negotiate treaties and agreements, and build relationships with other world leaders.
- Representing the government in the legislature: The Prime Minister is the main representative of the government in the legislature and is responsible for working with other members of the government to pass laws and budgets.
- Implementing government policies: The Prime Minister is responsible for implementing the policies and initiatives that the government has adopted, and ensuring that they are properly executed by the appropriate government departments and agencies.
- Coordinating the activities of the government: The Prime Minister is responsible for ensuring that the various government departments and agencies work together effectively to achieve the government’s goals and objectives.
- Acting as the main advisor to the head of the state: The Prime minister acts as the main advisor to the president of the country in all matters of government and administration.
- Communicating with the public: The Prime Minister also plays an important role in shaping public opinion and communicating the government’s policies and actions to the public.
Salary of Indian Prime Minister
The salary of the Prime Minister of India is determined by the President of India, as per the recommendations of the Union Cabinet.
- Basic salary: 1,60,000 INR per month.
- Constituency allowance: 45,000 INR per month.
- Office expenses allowance: 30,000 INR per month.
- Non-resident allowance: 20,000 INR per month.
- Sumptuary allowance: 20,000 INR per month.
- Secretarial assistance: 2,50,000 INR per month.
- Residence and office maintenance: 2,90,000 INR per month.
- Travel, medical and daily allowance: As per the rules
- The Prime Minister also receives several additional perks, such as a furnished residence, a fleet of cars, security, and staff.
PM India’s Salary And Facility
Facilities and salary given to the prime minister of India
- The Prime Minister of India is the head of state and the head of the Indian government’s executive branch. As such, they are provided with several facilities and privileges.
- One of the main facilities provided to the Prime Minister is the use of the official residence, which is located at 7, Lok Kalyan Marg in New Delhi. This large complex, which was previously known as 7, Race Course Road, serves as both the residence and office of the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister also has access to several other official buildings, including the South Block and North Block, which house the offices of various government departments and ministers. They also have the use of several official cars and aircraft for transportation.
In terms of salary, the Prime Minister of India currently receives a monthly salary of around Rs. 160,000 (about US$2,200) per month. However, they also receive other benefits such as pensions, medical coverage, and secretarial staff.